HIV and AIDS BASIC Information


WHAT IS HIV?
HIV stands for ‘human immunodeficiency virus’. HIV is a virus (of the type called retrovirus) that infects cells of the human immune system and destroys or impairs their function. Infection with this virus results in the progressive deterioration of the immune system, leading to ‘immune deficiency’.

The immune system is considered deficient when it can no longer fulfill its role of fighting off infections and diseases. Immunodeficient people are more susceptible to a wide range of infections, most of which are rare among people without immune deficiency.
Infections associated with severe immunodeficiency are known as ‘opportunistic infections’, because they take advantage of a weakened immune system.

WHAT IS AIDS?
AIDS stands for ‘acquired immunodeficiency syndrome’ and is a surveillance definition based on signs, symptoms, infections, and cancers associated with the deficiency of the immune system that stems from infection with HIV.

WHEN DOES A PERSON HAVE AIDS?
The term AIDS applies to the most advanced stages of HIV infection, defined by the occurrence of any of more than 20 opportunistic infections or HIV-related cancers.

HIV TRANSMITTED ?

HIV only lived in these 4 media, Blood, Semen, Vaginal fluids and Breast Milk Infected by HIV. Beside these fourth media, cannot be a mediator in transmitted HIV.

HIV MYTH & FACTS

FACT: THERE IS NO KNOWN CURE FOR HIV.
Yes, there is no cure for HIV. However, with good and continued adherence to treatment the progression of the HIV in the body can be slowed down and almost halted. Increasingly, people living with HIV are kept well and productive for very extended periods, even in low income countries.

FACT: HIV-AIDS CAN REVERSE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.

Yes, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, it is estimated that by 2020, HIV-AIDS will have claimed the lives of at least one-fifth of agricultural workers in southern Africa. In addition, caring for an individual with HIV-AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa can take up as much as one-third of a family’s monthly income.

MYTH: YOU CAN GET HIV THROUGH SHAKING HANDS.
No, HIV does not spread through ordinary social contact. For example, shaking hands with or traveling in the same bus with an HIV-infected person, or eating from the same plates an infected person has used, or hugging and kissing an HIV-positive individual will not spread the disease. Mosquitoes and insects do not carry the virus nor is the disease water-borne or air-borne.


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